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First Bank of the United States

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Established in historic Philadelphia, this bank first opened for business on a cold day in December 1791. Fittingly, one of the key people was none other than Alexander Hamilton who is often cited as the Father of Wall Street, but is officially known as the first Secretary of the Treasury. While there are many who argue against a federal currency, this bank was the beginning of stabilizing the U.S. and turning it into a global power. (Submitted by Shirley Beauchemin Thurston)